A Brief Introduction of Australian Universities
Up to 2019, there are 43 universities in Australia, including 39 state universities, 1 national university, two international universities and one private university. Australian universities are able to issue bachelor, master and PhD degrees whose qualifications are widely recognized by countries around the world including China.
Higher education in Australia began in the 1950s, both the University of Sydney and the University of Melbourne followed the models of University of Oxford and Cambridge University. By 1911, in order to meet the needs of the country’s rapid development, the six major cities had already owned their own universities.
Australian universities are committed to nurturing future leaders, encouraging innovation, creativity and independent thinking, and also train graduates from the international workplace. A large number of Australian alumni and researchers have made breakthroughs in different fields, such as flight recorder (black box), wireless networks (Wi-Fi), bionic ears, cervical cancer vaccines, vitro fertilization techniques, the discovery of penicillin, and so on, all of which reflect Australia universities world-leading innovation. Over the past century, Australian education has trained 11 Nobel laureates in the fields of medicine, science and literature.
Most of Australian universities have a two-semester system, an academic year starts from March and ends in November, the first semester is from early March to early June, and the second semester is from July to early November. Universities usually start in early March, and end in November. An academic year is usually divided into 2 or 3 semesters depends on universities. Recently, more and more universities start to accept freshmen in July, but it varies according to courses.
Top 8 Universities in Australia
- Australian National University (2020 QS Ranking: 29)
The Australian National University (ANU) is a national research university located in Canberra, the capital of Australia. Its main campus in Acton encompasses seven teaching and research colleges, in addition to several national academies and institutes. Founded in 1946, it is the only university to have been created by the Parliament of Australia. Originally a postgraduate research university, ANU commenced undergraduate teaching in 1960 when it integrated the Canberra University College, which had been established in 1929 as a campus of the University of Melbourne.
- University of Melbourne (2020 QS Ranking: 38)
The University of Melbourne is a public research university located in Melbourne, Australia. Founded in 1853, it is Australia’s second oldest university and the oldest in Victoria. Melbourne’s main campus is located in Parkville, an inner suburb north of the Melbourne central business district, with several other campuses located across Victoria.
- University of Sydney (2020 QS Ranking: 42)
The University of Sydney (informally USYD, Sydney, Sydney Uni) is an Australian public research university in Sydney, Australia. Founded in 1850, it is Australia’s first university and is regarded as one of the world’s leading universities. The university is colloquially known as one of Australia’s sandstone universities. Its campus is ranked in the top 10 of the world’s most beautiful universities by the British Daily Telegraph and The Huffington Post, spreading across the inner-city suburbs of Camperdown.
- University of New South Wales (2020 QS Ranking: 43)
The University of New South Wales (UNSW; branded as UNSW Sydney) is an Australian public research university located in the Sydney suburb of Kensington. Out of all Australian universities, UNSW has the highest median ATAR and attracts the highest number of top 500 students. Established in 1949, it is ranked 4th in Australia, 45th in the world, and 2nd in New South Wales according to the 2018 QS World University Rankings.
- University of Queensland (2020 QS Ranking: 47)
The University of Queensland (UQ) is a public research university primarily located in Brisbane, capital city of Queensland, Australia. Founded in 1909 by the state parliament, UQ is Australia’s fifth oldest university, colloquially known as a sandstone university. UQ is considered to be one of Australasia’s leading universities, and is ranked as one of the most reputable university in the world.
- Monash University (2020 QS Ranking: 58)
Monash University is a public research university based in Melbourne, Australia. Founded in 1958, it is the second oldest university in the State of Victoria. The university has a number of campuses, four of which are in Victoria (Clayton, Caulfield, Peninsula, and Parkville), and one in Malaysia. Monash also has a research and teaching centre in Prato, Italy, a graduate research school in Mumbai, India and a graduate school in Suzhou, China.
- University of Western Australia (2020 QS Ranking: 86)
The University of Western Australia (UWA) is a public research university in the Australian state of Western Australia. The university’s main campus is in Perth, the state capital, with a secondary campus in Albany and various other facilities elsewhere. UWA was established in 1911 by an act of the Parliament of Western Australia, and began teaching students two years later. The university also belongs to several more formal groupings, including the Group of Eight and the Matariki Network of Universities.
- University of Adelaide (2020 QS Ranking: 106)
The University of Adelaide (informally Adelaide University) is a public university located in Adelaide, South Australia. Established in 1874, it is the third-oldest university in Australia. The university’s main campus is located on North Terrace in the Adelaide city centre, adjacent to the Art Gallery of South Australia, the South Australian Museum and the State Library of South Australia.
Full Rankings of Australian Universities
More detailed Australia College Rankings, please visit: https://en.australia51.com/universityRankings/